- Near a critical point in a phase diagram, certain observables show characteristic fluctuations. The authors qualitatively predict how such fluctuations depend on the rapidity in relativistic heavy-ion collisions, and thereby present a distinctive observable to search for the critical endpoint in the QCD phase diagram.
- Command & Conquer 3 Tiberium Wars - Kane Edition. C&C 3: Tiberium Wars CD-KEY CHANGER #3. Keep in mind that the files listed on this page do NOT circumvent the.
- C & C 3 Tiberium Wars Serial Numbers. Convert C & C 3 Tiberium Wars trail version to full software.
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Try search as: Command And Conquer 3 Tiberium Wars Kane Command And Conquer 3: Tiberium Wars Kane Edition Command And Conquer 3 Tiberium Wars Kane wrath.
c 1or C(sē)n.pl.c's or C's also cs or Cs
Cn, plc's, C'sorCs
Csymbol for1. (Music, other) music
n., pl. CsC's, csc's for 1-4.
C&c 3 Tiberium Wars Serial Key
C + +,
|Noun||1.||C - a degree on the centigrade scale of temperature|
degree Celsius, degree centigrade
degree - a unit of temperature on a specified scale; 'the game was played in spite of the 40-degree temperature'
standard temperature - exactly zero degrees centigrade
|2.||c - the speed at which light travels in a vacuum; the constancy and universality of the speed of light is recognized by defining it to be exactly 299,792,458 meters per second|
constant - a number representing a quantity assumed to have a fixed value in a specified mathematical context; 'the velocity of light is a constant'
speed, velocity - distance travelled per unit time
|3.||C - a vitamin found in fresh fruits (especially citrus fruits) and vegetables; prevents scurvy|
antioxidant - substance that inhibits oxidation or inhibits reactions promoted by oxygen or peroxides
water-soluble vitamin - any vitamin that is soluble in water
|4.||C - one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)|
nucleotide, base - a phosphoric ester of a nucleoside; the basic structural unit of nucleic acids (DNA or RNA)
|5.||C - a base found in DNA and RNA and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with guanine|
deoxyribonucleic acid, desoxyribonucleic acid, DNA - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix; associated with the transmission of genetic information; 'DNA is the king of molecules'
ribonucleic acid, RNA - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in the nucleus but mainly in the cytoplasm of a cell where it is associated with microsomes; it transmits genetic information from DNA to the cytoplasm and controls certain chemical processes in the cell; 'ribonucleic acid is the genetic material of some viruses'
pyrimidine - any of several basic compounds derived from pyrimidine
|6.||C - an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds|
fullerene - a form of carbon having a large molecule consisting of an empty cage of sixty or more carbon atoms
chemical element, element - any of the more than 100 known substances (of which 92 occur naturally) that cannot be separated into simpler substances and that singly or in combination constitute all matter
carbon 14, radiocarbon - a radioactive isotope of carbon
charcoal, wood coal - a carbonaceous material obtained by heating wood or other organic matter in the absence of air
carbon black, crock, lampblack, smut, soot - a black colloidal substance consisting wholly or principally of amorphous carbon and used to make pigments and ink
activated carbon, activated charcoal - powdered or granular carbon used for purifying by adsorption; given orally (as a slurry) it is an antidote for some kinds of poisons
black lead, graphite, plumbago - used as a lubricant and as a moderator in nuclear reactors
coal - fossil fuel consisting of carbonized vegetable matter deposited in the Carboniferous period
adamant, diamond - very hard native crystalline carbon valued as a gem
limestone - a sedimentary rock consisting mainly of calcium that was deposited by the remains of marine animals
crude, crude oil, fossil oil, petroleum, rock oil, oil - a dark oil consisting mainly of hydrocarbons
|7.||C - ten 10s |
large integer - an integer equal to or greater than ten
|8.||C - a unit of electrical charge equal to the amount of charge transferred by a current of 1 ampere in 1 second|
charge unit, quantity unit - a measure of the quantity of electricity (determined by the amount of an electric current and the time for which it flows)
abcoulomb - a unit of electrical charge equal to 10 coulombs
ampere-minute - a unit of charge equal to 60 coulombs
|9.||C - a general-purpose programing language closely associated with the UNIX operating system|
programing language, programming language - (computer science) a language designed for programming computers
|10.||C - (music) the keynote of the scale of C major|
keynote, tonic - (music) the first note of a diatonic scale
music - an artistic form of auditory communication incorporating instrumental or vocal tones in a structured and continuous manner
|11.||c - the 3rd letter of the Roman alphabet|
Latin alphabet, Roman alphabet - the alphabet evolved by the ancient Romans which serves for writing most of the languages of western Europe
alphabetic character, letter of the alphabet, letter - the conventional characters of the alphabet used to represent speech; 'his grandmother taught him his letters'
|12.||C - street names for cocaine|
cocain, cocaine - a narcotic (alkaloid) extracted from coca leaves; used as a surface anesthetic or taken for pleasure; can become powerfully addictive
|Adj.||1.||c - being ten more than ninety |
cardinal - being or denoting a numerical quantity but not order; 'cardinal numbers'
C major/minor → do mayor/menor
C sharp/flat → do sostenido/bemol
C for Charlie → C comme Célestin
C[ˈsiː]abbr (=Celsius, centigrade) → C
C, c → C, cnt; C sharp → Cisnt, → cisnt; C flat → Cesnt, → cesnt ? alsomajor, minor, natural
Cabbr ofcentigrade → C
C for Charlie → C come Como
Cabbr =Celsius, centigrade → C
Want to thank TFD for its existence? Tell a friend about us, add a link to this page, or visit the webmaster's page for free fun content.
Link to this page:
Ç or ç (c-cedilla) is a Latin script letter, used in the Albanian, Azerbaijani, Manx, Tatar, Turkish, Turkmen, Kurdish, Zazaki, and Portuguesealphabets. Romance languages that use this letter include Catalan, French, Friulian, Ligurian, Occitan, and Portuguese as a variant of the letter C. It is also occasionally used in Crimean Tatar and in Tajik (when written in the Latin script) to represent the /d͡ʒ/ sound. It is often retained in the spelling of loanwords from any of these languages in English, Basque, Dutch, Spanish and other Latin script spelled languages.
It was first used for the sound of the voiceless alveolar affricate/t͡s/ in Old Spanish and stems from the Visigothic form of the letter z (Ꝣ). The phoneme originated in Vulgar Latin from the palatalization of the plosives /t/ and /k/ in some conditions. Later, /t͡s/ changed into /s/ in many Romance languages and dialects. Spanish has not used the symbol since an orthographic reform in the 18th century (which replaced ç with the now-devoiced z), but it was adopted for writing other languages.
In the International Phonetic Alphabet, /ç/ represents the voiceless palatal fricative.
- 1Usage as a letter variant in various languages
Usage as a letter variant in various languages
Unless otherwise specified, in the following languages, ⟨ç⟩ represents the 'soft' sound /s/ where a ⟨c⟩ would normally represent the 'hard' sound /k/.
- Catalan. Known as ce trencada ('broken C') in this language, where it can be used before ⟨a⟩, ⟨o⟩, ⟨u⟩ or at the end of a word. Some examples of words with ⟨ç⟩ are amenaça ('menace'), torçat ('twisted'), xoriço ('chorizo'), forçut ('strong'), dolç ('sweet') and caça ('hunting'). A well-known word with this character is Barça, a common Catalan clipping of Futbol Club Barcelona.
- French (cé cédille): français ('French'), garçon ('boy'), façade ('frontage'), grinçant ('squeaking'), leçon ('lesson'), reçu ('received' [past participle]). French does not use the character at the end of a word but it can occur at the beginning of a word (ça 'that').
- Friulian (c cun cedilie): it represents the voiceless postalveolar affricate/t͡ʃ/ before ⟨a⟩, ⟨o⟩, ⟨u⟩ or at the end of a word.
- Occitan (ce cedilha): torçut ('twisted'), çò ('this'), ça que la ('nevertheless'), braç ('arm'), brèç ('cradle'), voraç ('voracious'). It can occur at the beginning of a word.
- Portuguese (cê-cedilha or cê cedilhado): it is used before ⟨a⟩, ⟨o⟩, ⟨u⟩: taça ('cup'), braço ('arm'), açúcar ('sugar'). Modern Portuguese does not use the character at the beginning or at the end of a word (the nickname for Conceição is São, not Ção). According to a Portuguese grammar written in 1550, the letter ç had the sound of /dz/ around that time. Another grammar written around 1700 would say that the letter ç sounds like /s/, which shows a phonetic evolution that is still valid today.
- Manx: it is used in the digraph ⟨çh⟩, which represents /t͡ʃ/ (like ⟨ch⟩ in English chalk), to differentiate it from normal ⟨ch⟩, which represents /x/.
- Turkish: represents /t͡ʃ/. Examles çelik ('steel'), çilek ('strawberry'), and çamur ('mud').
In loanwords only
- In English, ⟨ç⟩ is used in loanwords such as façade and limaçon (although the cedilla mark is often dropped: ⟨facade⟩, ⟨limacon⟩).
- In Basque, ⟨ç⟩ (known as ze hautsia) is used in the loanword curaçao.
- In modern Spanish it can appear in loanwords, especially in Catalan proper nouns.
- In Dutch, it can be found in some words from French and Portuguese, such as façade, reçu, Provençaals and Curaçao.
Usage as a separate letter in various languages
It represents the voiceless postalveolar affricate/t͡ʃ/ in the following languages:
- the 4th letter of the Albanian alphabet.
- the 4th letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet.
- the 5th letter of the Tatar alphabet (based on Zamanälif).
- the 4th letter of the Turkish alphabet.
- the 3rd letter of the Turkmen alphabet.
- the 4th letter of the Zazaki alphabet.
It previously represented a voiceless palatal click/ǂ/ in Juǀʼhoansi and Naro, though the former has replaced it with ⟨ǂ⟩ and the latter with ⟨tc⟩.
The similarly-shaped letter the (Ҫ ҫ) is used in the Cyrillic alphabets of Bashkir and Chuvash to represent /θ/ and /ɕ/ respectively.
It also represents the retroflex flap/ɽ/ in the Rohingya Latin alphabet.
|Unicode name||LATIN CAPITAL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA||LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA|
|UTF-8||195 135||C3 87||195 167||C3 A7|
|Numeric character reference||Ç||Ç||ç||ç|
|Named character reference||Ç||ç|
On Albanian, French, Portuguese, Spanish, Turkish and Italian keyboards, Ç is directly available as a separate key; however, on most other keyboards, including the US/British keyboard, a combination of keys must be used:
- In the US-International keyboard layout, these are ' followed by either C or ⇧ Shift+C. Alternatively one may press AltGr+, or AltGr+⇧ Shift+,.
- In classic Mac OS and macOS, these are ⌥ Opt+C and ⌥ Opt+⇧ Shift+C for lower- and uppercase, respectively.
- In the X Window System and many Unix consoles, one presses sequentially Compose, , and either C or ⇧ Shift+C. Alternatively, one may press AltGr+= and then either C or ⇧ Shift+C.
- In Microsoft Windows, these are Alt+0231 or Alt+135 for lowercase and Alt+0199 or Alt+128 for uppercase.
- In Microsoft Word, these are Ctrl+, and then either C or ⇧ Shift+C.
- The HTML character entity references are
Çfor lower- and uppercase, respectively.
- In TeX and LaTeX,
cis used for adding the cedilla accent to a letter, so
- ^The French Academy online dictionary also gives çà and çûdra.
|Look up Ç or ç in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|